Microsoft SQL Server monitoring
Monitor a Microsoft SQL Server instance remotely using the ActiveGate extension.
- Microsoft SQL Server with mainstream or extended support by Microsoft. Check the Microsoft documentation for end-of-life details.
- ActiveGate version 1.242+
- Database user permissions as described below
Database user permissions
The following permissions must be granted to the user with which the extension connects to a SQL Server instance:
- Permissions specified in the Microsoft documentation for
- System table
msdb.sys.backupsetis required for monitoring backups per database (optional). This table is present in almost every version of SQL Server except for Azure SQL (PaaS).
- On SQL Server and SQL Managed Instance, requires
VIEW SERVER STATEpermission.
- On SQL Database Basic, S0, and S1 service objectives, and for databases in elastic pools, the server admin account or the Azure Active Directory admin account is required.
- On all other SQL Database service objectives, the
VIEW DATABASE STATEpermission is required in the database.
Note: Windows Auth is not yet supported as a connection mechanism.
To install the extension
- In the Dynatrace menu, go to Dynatrace Hub.
- Find and select Microsoft SQL Server.
- Select Add to environment.
- Configure monitoring as described below.
The following steps describe how to configure a monitoring configuration endpoint.
Select Add monitoring configuration.
Choose ActiveGates that will run this monitoring configuration.
Select Add Sql Server endpoint.
Endpoints are automatically distributed between ActiveGates within a certain chosen group. This allows for High Availability (HA) and load balancing between several ActiveGate instances.
Specify connection parameters and credentials.
optional You can also enable SSL to make the data source verify the server certificate and use SSL encryption instead of native encryption.
Specify endpoint name.
After being activated, the newly created endpoint acquires Pending status, followed by Error status, which indicates that the tenant has not yet found an ActiveGate to run the endpoint on.
Open Log Viewer for the configuration endpoint.
To check what is happening with the configuration, select the status itself.
Check log records in the Log Viewer.
Within a few minutes, the tenant will find a suitable ActiveGate to run the configuration on.
OKmessage is displayed in the logs to indicate a successful deployment.
- It might also have to download the extension sources and verify them. On a freshly created configuration, this could take ten minutes or more.
Check that the status of the configuration is Ok.
Status Ok indicates that the configuration has passed a Fastcheck stage, verifying that it has a connection to the database and collects metrics.
Connection parameter details
A meaningful endpoint name. Example value:
The address of the Microsoft SQL Server host. Can be an IP address or a domain. Example values:
Port on the host on which SQL Server is ready to accept connections from ActiveGate.
Name of the logical database to connect to. This can be any database to which the supplied database user can connect.
Only one logical database name can be specified here. Example value:
Database user whose credentials are going to be used to establish a connection to the database and query performance counters.
A good practice is to create a separate user for Dynatrace to query required views.
Password for the database user.
The following metrics are available.
SQLServer:General Statistics object provides counters to monitor general server-wide activity (log-ins, connections, blocked processes), which can be useful when there are many clients connecting and disconnecting from an instance of SQL Server.
- User connections
- Blocked processes
Memory Manager object provides counters to monitor overall server memory usage, which can help you to identify performance bottlenecks. Monitoring overall memory used by an instance of SQL Server can help determine if bottlenecks exist (from inadequate physical memory for storing frequently accessed data in cache) and if query performance can be improved (by adding more memory or by making more memory available to the data cache or SQL Server internal structures).
- Target memory
- Total memory
- Connection memory
- Memory grants outstanding
- Memory grants pending
SQLServer:SQL Statistics object provides counters to monitor compilation and the type of requests sent to an instance of SQL Server, which can give you an indication of query processing speed and query optimizer effectiveness.
- Batch requests
SQLServer:Locks object provides information about SQL Server locks on individual resource types. Minimizing locks can improve performance.
- Waits for lock
- Wait time
Buffer Manager object provides counters to monitor how SQL Server uses memory to store data pages, physical I/O (as SQL Server reads and writes database pages), and buffer pool extension (to extend the buffer cache by using fast non-volatile storage). This can help you to determine if bottlenecks exist from inadequate physical memory, if query performance can be improved by adding more memory (or by making more memory available to the data cache or SQL Server internal structures), and how often SQL Server needs to read data from disk (which consumes a relatively large amount of time).
- Cache hit ratio
- Page reads
- Page writes
- Page life expectancy
- Checkpoint pages
- Free list stalls
SQLServer:Latches object provides counters to monitor latches (internal SQL Server resource locks), which can help you to identify performance bottlenecks.
- Average wait time
SQLServer:Databases object provides counters to monitor bulk copy operations, backup and restore throughput, and transaction log activities, which you can use to determine how much user activity is occurring in the database and how full the transaction log is becoming.
- Hours since backup
- Log files size
- Log files used size
- Log files used percentage
- Log growths
- Log shrinks
- Log truncations
- Flush waits
Always On metrics
- Automated backup preference
- Primary recovery health
- Secondary recovery health
- Synchronization health
- Availability mode
- Failover mode
- Is replica local
- Replica role
- Operational state
- Recovery health
- Synchronization health
- Connected state
- Synchronization state
- Synchronization health
- Database state
- Log send queue size
- Log send rate
- Redo queue size
- Redo rate
- Filestream send rate
The Microsoft SQL Server remote extension has a low memory footprint, requiring a negligible number of MiB per endpoint on ActiveGate after the extension is initialized.
Each endpoint runs once per minute and performs 5-6 lightweight SQL queries to the monitored database to collect the metrics.
- Check logs using the Log Viewer by selecting the status of the monitoring configuration.
- Create a Support Archive for involved ActiveGate instances and share it with Tech Support.
Query plans, top queries
The extension only collects metrics available in the performance counters views in the database. It does not analyze query plans or most frequent and slowest queries. However, applications monitored by full-stack OneAgents can capture queries and provide insights into query performance.