Set up Dynatrace OneAgent as a Docker container
This topic explains how to run OneAgent as a Docker container, as opposed to the standard script-based Linux installation approach.
Running OneAgent as a Docker container gives you full-stack visibility into your complete containerized environment. This includes deep monitoring of supported applications, services, and databases.
OneAgent deployment via Docker container is supported for Docker Engine versions 1.10 - 1.13.1, 17.03+ CE and EE and is available only for Linux-based hosts. Installation within the container isn't supported. For more information, see the limitations of this deployment model.
Create a PaaS Token.
Your Docker environment must allow your OneAgent container to run in privileged mode.
/optdirectory must exist on the host where you deploy your OneAgent container.
Starting from the image version 1.11.1000, OneAgent Docker image no longer ships with the OneAgent installer contained within it. Instead the installer is downloaded from your environment during the image startup process. The image is forward compatible with new OneAgent versions and there's no specific link between the OneAgent version and the image version. The only dependency that exists is a requirement for a minimum supported OneAgent version for a given image version. For details see the table below:
|Image version||Minimum required OneAgent version|
|1.11.1000 - 1.12.1000||1.119|
|1.13.1000 - 1.21.1000||1.139|
Locate your OneAgent installer URL
The first step is to obtain the location for
ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_SCRIPT_URL. This information is presented to you during OneAgent installation.
To get your
- In the Dynatrace menu, go to Deploy Dynatrace, select Start installation, and then Linux.
- Determine the installer script URL and token from the UI-provided
This is the URL:
This is the token:
Replace the value of
arch parameter with
<arch>. Ignore the
Your URL should look like this:
This is your
This your URL and API token.
Append the API token to the URL using the
API-Token parameter. Your URL should look like this:
This is your
Run OneAgent as a Docker container
To run OneAgent as a Docker container you need to execute the following
docker run command on all your Docker hosts:
Pass the URL and token you determined earlier as the values of
ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_DOWNLOAD_TOKEN environmental variables.
docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped --privileged=true --pid=host --net=host -v /:/mnt/root -e ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_SCRIPT_URL=<REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_URL> -e ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_DOWNLOAD_TOKEN=<Api-Token> dynatrace/oneagent <INSTALLER_PARAMETERS>
Pass the URL you determined earlier as the value of
ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_SCRIPT_URL environmental variable.
docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped --privileged=true --pid=host --net=host -v /:/mnt/root -e ONEAGENT_INSTALLER_SCRIPT_URL=<REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_URL> dynatrace/oneagent <INSTALLER_PARAMETERS>
Once the container is started, a regular OneAgent full-stack installer is executed and OneAgent files are deployed to the underlying file system of the machine running the container. The installation package and associated shell script are downloaded from your environment upon container startup, using the URL provided for launching the container. The signature of the installer is verified automatically following the download.
Deploy OneAgent via a container orchestration tool
If you use a container orchestration tool, your orchestrator can deploy the OneAgent container for you. The example snippets below show you how to take advantage of orchestration tools in deploying OneAgent to all your nodes.
- Run OneAgent with Mesos/Marathon
- Run OneAgent with Kubernetes
- Run OneAgent with Elastic Container Service
Custom installation with command-line parameters
You can alternatively perform a custom installation with command-line parameters.
OneAgent is what is referred to as a "super-privileged container." It's designed to have almost complete access to the host system as a root user. The following Docker command options open selected privileges to the host:
--net=host - Allows processes running inside the container to directly access host network interfaces.
--pid=host - Allows processes running inside the container to see and work with all processes in the host process table.
-v /:/mnt/root - Mounts the host's root directory into the container at
/mnt/root to enable the installation of OneAgent on the host at
Note: OneAgent executes these commands in the context of the container. Consequently it won't report the metrics related to the disks of underlying hosts. See the limitations below.
- OneAgent only has access to the disks that are mounted within the container that it runs in. Therefore OneAgent can only report metrics for these container disks and not the disks of underlying hosts. This is caused by the context in which OneAgent executes its commands for gathering data.
- Deep monitoring for native (i.e., non-containerized) processes on hosts is disabled. The injection file
ld.so.preloadon the host file system isn't modified, and therefore the automatic injection into processes running outside of containers isn't possible.
- Because of this, the JMX extension can only work with the processes that run inside containers. The JMX extension is tightly coupled with deep monitoring of Java processes.
- Capturing of application crashes and core dumps via
- OneAgent isn't registered in the system's autostart. Lifetime and startup of the container with OneAgent processes is managed by Docker.
- All command-line parameters of the installer are supported, with the exception of
- There's a startup dependency between the container in which OneAgent is deployed and application containers to be instrumented (i.e., which have deep process monitoring enabled). The OneAgent container must be started and the
oneagenthelperprocess must be running prior to the application container being launched so that the application can be properly instrumented.
Update OneAgent on Docker containers
To update OneAgent on Docker containers
Follow the instructions that correspond to how you've installed OneAgent
If you've installed on Linux, follow the instructions for updating OneAgent on Linux.
If you've installed on Windows, follow the instructions for updating OneAgent on Windows.
If you've deployed OneAgent as a Docker container, restart the container using the following command
$ docker restart oneagent
provided that you've added the parameter
--name=oneagentin the appropriate Docker run command. The OneAgent Docker image will automatically fetch the latest version of OneAgent.
If you've specified a default OneAgent install version for new hosts and applications in your OneAgent updates settings, the OneAgent Docker image will automatically fetch the defined default version of OneAgent.
Note: OneAgent auto-update isn't supported when OneAgent has been deployed as a Docker image.